A camera operator may specialise in working in any or all of the following areas:
- Studio - where the camera operator usually follows a camera script, which gives the order of shots. This is practiced at rehearsal and is cued by the director during recording. The skill lies in interpreting what the director wants and acting quickly and effectively to achieve it;
- Outside broadcast (OB) - working as part of a team of camera operators filming live events, such as sporting and ceremonial occasions and music performances;
- On location - where there is likely to be more opportunity for creativity through suggesting shots to the director.
Typical work activities
Work activities vary greatly depending on the type of programme, for example studio or outside broadcast programmes, television dramas, commercials, documentaries or news, and whether the camera operator is using one of several cameras, or a portable single camera (PSB).
Generally tasks can include:
- assembling, preparing and setting up equipment prior to filming, which may include tripods, monitors, lighting, cables and leads and headphones;
- offering advice on how best to shoot a scene and explaining the visual impact created by particular shots;
- planning shots for example when filming an expensive drama scene, such as an explosion, there may be only one chance to get things right, so shots need to be meticulously planned beforehand;
- practicing the camera moves required for pre-arranged shots;
- studying scripts;
- finding solutions to technical or other practical problems (for an outside broadcast, for example, the natural light conditions need to be taken into account when setting up shots);
- being prepared to innovate and experiment with ideas;
- working quickly, especially as timing is such an important factor;
- taking sole responsibility in situations where only one camera operator is involved in the filming;
- keeping up to date with filming methods and equipment;
- repairing and maintaining equipment;
- demonstrating a good awareness of health and safety issues;
- driving crew, actors and equipment to and from locations.
Qualifications and training required:
Practical skills, enthusiasm and relevant experience are usually more highly valued than academic qualifications, although a television, film, photography, media studies or performing arts degree will be helpful. It is important to be able to demonstrate a genuine interest in the work, backed up with evidence of theoretical competency and good technical abilities. Experience can be gained via hobby interests and/or amateur photography, film or video work.
Key skills for camera operators:
Potential employees need plenty of stamina, should be physically fit, observant, capable of concentrating for long periods of time, and must have excellent hand-eye co-ordination, hearing and color vision.